Best Types of Basketball Courts

Unlike football, soccer, golf, baseball and quite a few other sports, basketball must alway be played on a hard, flat surface. Whether that be hardwood, asphalt, or even plastic and rubber flooring, different types of basketball courts can have small effects on how the game is played. When determining the proper surface for a basketball court, a majority of the decision is made based on environment and location—for example, indoors versus outdoors or variety in usage (i.e. Will the court only be used for basketball, or other activities as well). One of the best ways to keep your hardwood court in top shape is to hire a carpet cleaning company every few months to clean it and buff it out. As already mentioned, the best types of basketball courts are generally made of one of three different kinds of materials: hardwood, asphalt or plastic and rubber. Read on to find out the benefits of each surface.


It is widely known that hardwood courts tend to be the favorite when it comes to different surfaces to play basketball on. This is probably due to the fact that the majority of competitive basketball games, such as in the NBA or NCAA, are played indoors on hardwood courts. The wood presents a smooth, compact surface that is resistant to dirt and mildew. It is also very durable and easy to clean—which fans and players have probably seen upon watching a game as court attendees mop over the surface during commercial breaks or other breaks in play. In addition, the hardwood makes an ideal surface for dribbling and ball handling. Although hardwood is the clear popular choice, it is difficult—or almost impossible—to maintain a hardwood court outside. Due to the effects of sun, rain and other elements, hardwood basketball courts remain as strictly an indoor surface option.

Asphalt (outdoor)

On a beautiful sunny day when the breeze is blowing, there’s nothing better than a little outdoor street ball. Generally, the best and most common surface for an outdoor basketball court is asphalt. Whether it’s a court at your local park, the school yard, a neighborhood street, or even your own driveway, asphalt courts have the ability to withstand the elements and provide a strong surface for play; however, overtime asphalt can crack and erode, which can cause uneven areas on court. Without a level surface, it’s easy for players to trip, fall, or even break an ankle. Asphalt courts need to be consistently maintained and renovated in order to remain a safe playing surface.

Plastic/Rubber Flooring

In addition to the most common surfaces, hardwood and asphalt, there are also basketball courts that are made of plastic and rubber materials. These kinds of courts tend to provide good traction and have a greater shock absorption. Because these courts are made of rubber, they can also help with safety in addition to providing a reliable surface for dribbling. Some plastic courts are even specially constructed into squares that can be snapped together and easily customized. Since many of these courts are often finished with a polypropylene coated finish, the courts are easily maintained and remain resistant to moisture. Plastic and rubber courts are frequently used for other sports in addition to basketball, such as volleyball and racquetball.

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